A Goiter is an irregular growth of the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is a gland located under the Adam’s apple in a winged-like wrapping around your neck.
Most people with Goiters won’t develop any symptoms outside of swelling around the neck. However, Goiters can cause specific symptoms depending on if it causes a decrease or increase in thyroid function.
Hypothyroidism – Decrease in Thyroid function
Hyperthyroidism – Increase in Thyroid function
Diagnosis and Treatment
Goiters are often discovered during a routine physical exam. Your doctor might discover a growth or swelling around your neck and perform further imaging tests. These are performed in order to get a better idea of the size of nodules, assess whether you are suffering from hypo or hyperthyroidism, and determine the cause of the goiter.
These tests include:
Depending on the size of the goiter, severity of symptoms, and causes of the goiter, your doctor may perform any of these treatment options.
However, in most cases, goiters do not need treatments and can be managed with aspirin and a healthy diet that rich in iodine which includes:
If you have any concerns regarding your thyroid, speak to a medical professional today.
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